Rats are known to transmit many diseases to animals and humans. They also can chew through almost anything. Where will you find them? Rats will take up residence in a variety of places – attics, basements, porches, and even under concrete. The good news is that they don’t have a long lifespan. The bad news is that they reproduce very very quickly.
The bottom line is that once you confirm a rat infestation, you will want to call Centurian Wildlife Services at 1-888-313-2842 to make it go away as soon as possible.
The presence of rats is the most obvious sign of a rat infestation. Because rats prefer hiding, seeing one in plain sight can mean that the infestation is in full swing. Rat Droppings may be present, as well.
Other clear signs of an infestation are large holes in floorboards and walls, and the presence of damaged materials, because rats chew constantly on materials such as plastic and wood.
There are two primary species of rats in North America: the Norway rat and the roof rat.
Roof rats have black bodies and are known for their climbing abilities. They tend to seek out elevated places such as walls, ceilings, attics and cabinets. They prefer warmer climates.
The Norway rat, also known as brown or sewer rats, have stocky, brownish bodies, with ears and eyes that are small in relation to their body. They’re larger than most other rat species, and more likely to inhabit the lower levels of buildings.
Rats are extremely resourceful when it comes to entering homes. They can squeeze into small holes and cracks, but have easier ways of getting inside. They’re also able to live in very small spaces.
Whether it’s ground vents, crawl space vents, electrical wire openings or roof joints, rats will take advantage of any opening to get inside a house.
Attic-dwelling rats often enter the house from the roof, but they can just as easily enter from a ground-level opening and climb walls to reach their destination. Rats in the basement usually get there from openings like ground vents, but they aren't restricted to one form of entry.
If you have rats in the attic, the first step is to find out where all of their potential entry points are. This should be an extensive search – from checking the roof and plumbing, to your air conditioner vents and chimney. You can also look out for signs of rats in your attic, such as rat poop, to lead you to other entry points. If you are unsure about the signs of rats in your attic, give Centurian Services a call at 1-888-313-2842.
The next step--even if rats are still present--is to seal off the entry points, because it will be easier to trap them if their exit routes are sealed off.
It is best to use steel or metal flashing to close off entry points because rats can chew through wood and concrete, but not metal.
If you are planning to trap and remove the rats, you can use a snap trap (which will kill the rat) or use a live cage trap.
Rats living inside of your walls are a concern for a variety of reasons, including the fact that they can damage electrical wires, cables, and heating elements.
Again, the first step is to find the rodent’s entry points into your home. Look for active routes into your home that might include feces, urine stains, bite marks, or greasy residue left behind from their fur.
Traps are also a good option for getting rid of rats from your walls. Lethal traps are designed to kill rats quickly and humanely. If you’d prefer to use live traps, release the rodent far away from your home, otherwise they will quickly find their way back into your house.
Keeping rats out of your yard begins by removing edible waste from around your home. Bag up your garbage and place it in metal containers with tight-fitting lids. Store compost in the proper processors.
If you have a bird feeder, mount it on a metal pole that rats will be unable to climb. Rats can also use trees and poles near a feeder, so be careful where the feeder is placed.
The roof rat gets its name from its tendency of living in the upper areas of buildings. They travel in colonies and make the same kind of damage as other rats. Roof rats earned a dirty reputation by being the cause of the bubonic plague many moons ago. Although the disease is rare now, there are still cases every year.
To rid yourself of roof rats, seal up any hole or visible crack with silicone caulk. Keep trees trimmed away from the house, because the rodent can gain entrance in your home from close trees.
There are many kinds of rat traps. Here’s a look at each:
For both humane reasons and effectiveness, Victor's M-4 Silver Pin are the best option. The rat is killed very quickly and humanely, and the spring is so strong it will immidatly kill the Rodent and snape the spine. We recommend hiring a professional Animal Trapper service such as Centurian Wildlife Services to trap your attic rats.
DIY enthusiasts can make their own rat traps with a variety of materials ranging from plastic water bottles to pipes.
The recyclable method, which uses a large bottle such as a water or soda bottle to trap rats and mice, is an example of a live trap because the rat becomes trapped but is not killed. However, rats and mice can be tricky to catch, so call the professionals at Centurian Wildlife Services to help trap and remove your rodent problems at 1-888-313-2842.
The best rat bait is food, because rats are natural scavengers. It is important to put out familiar bait, because rats tend to avoid new objects, even if it’s food. Still, some baits have proven effective for various kinds of rats.
For roof rats, fruits and vegetables tend to be the most effecttive, while Norway rats seem to prefer meat and fish. Try not to use bait in hard-to-get places that will spoil quickly. Peanut butter can also be used as rat bait.
Remember: The availability and kinds of human food will help determine a rodent’s eating habits.
There’s been no shortage of debate about the effectiveness and safety of using rat poison, and the debate includes arguing that posion is the most inhumane method of killing rats.
Rat poison contains a lethal dose of anticoagulants, which makes the rat to bleed to death internally after ingesting it. The poison doesn’t kill the rat instantly, but can take days before it eventually succumbs to anemia or circulatory shock.
Other poisons, such as those using metal and zinc phosphides, are also used to kill rats.
Poisons may not be completely effective in eliminating a rat problem because it’s an unfamiliar source of food to rats, who tend to be cautious eaters.
An issue to bear in mind is that rat poison can affect more than rats; rat poison can also have a toxic effect on mammals such as cats and dogs, as well as humans. Rather than using poison to get rid of rats, call the professionals at Centurian Wildlife Services at 1-888-313-2842 to solve your rodent problems.
Some people find that getting rid of rats is an ongoing problem no matter what they try. In that case, hiring a professional exterminator such as Centurian Wildlife Services can be the best and most effective solution. Plus, if you’re nervous about eliminating the problem--that is another reason to call a pro.
The rodent experts at Centurian Wildlife Removal know how to properly use traps in a way that won’t endanger children or pets. They’ll also provide advice on how to keep the rodents out of your house for good once the job is done.
Professional rodent specialists at Centurian Wildlife Services will first assess the situation and determine a plan of action. Then they will start a treatment program that they can adjust if the initial results aren’t satisfactory. They’ll use poisons, traps, and different baits to find the best solution to getting rid of your specific rodent problem.
The cost of rat removal services varies depending on the job, the severity of it, and the treatment plan. A severe problem may require return visits until the problem is eradicated.
The team at Centurian Wildlife Services provides a free initial examination to determine what kind of work needs to be done. Once the first examination is completed, we will provide a written estimate for the type of treatment, the cleanup, repairs, and how many entry points will have to be sealed.
Everything from moth balls to ammonia to peppermint oil and human hair has been used as natural rat repellents, with poor results. One of the issues is that a great deal of the substance, whatever it may be, needs to be used and can provide an overpowering odor to humans.
Cleanliness is the best solution to keep rats away from your home, because they are attracted to food scraps and open garbage areas. Keeping garbage bags sealed and garbage bins secure is a great way to defend your home from rats.
Rats are scared of humans and will almost always look for a hiding spot if confronted by one. They also prefer to be active when humans aren’t, so the odds of you getting bit by a rat aren’t very high. However, rats will lunge and bite to defend themselves if cornered.
Because some species of rats carry hazardous diseases, rat bites should be treated seriously – even if the chances of infection are relatively rare. Rodent bites should be cleaned and disinfected immediately, and in some cases a tetanus shot may be required if you haven’t had one in some time. Despite some false beliefs, rats, at least in North America, do not carry rabies.
In short, it’s always a good idea to seek professional medical advice if you’ve received a rat bite.
It is very important to clean up your home after you’ve gotten rid of rats from your attic or house. Rat urine and poop pose sanitation risks, while the scent from both will attract more rats.
A common method is to spray urine and feces with a disinfectant or a mixture of bleach and water, let it set for several minutes, and then use a paper towel to dispose of the waste. Always wear rubber, latex or vinyl gloves to avoid infection.
You should also mop floors and any areas that have evidence of rodent exposure with disinfectant or bleach solution.
There’s no way getting around it. The problem is, they can die in hard-to-reach places in walls and attics and the smell can linger for a few weeks until the body completely decomposes. Calling in a professional to break into walls can be costly, so using fans, opening fans, or using deodorizers and disinfectant sprays may be your solution.
The best solution, however, is to find the dead rat, dispose of it, and then use disinfectant to clean the are where it died.
There’s nothing too complicated about removing a dead rat, but keep in mind that they can carry diseases, fleas, or ticks--so, be sure to wear disposable gloves.
Spray the rat with some sort of cleaner or disinfectant to kill any pests on the body. Next, pick up the rat by its tail and dispose of it in a plastic bag. Finally, dispose of the bag and dead body in a dumpster or in a tightly-sealed garbage can.
When you’re finished, spray the spot where the dead rat had been with cleaner. You may want to wear old clothes that can be thrown away after the dead rodent has been removed and the final cleaning finished.